MUMMY OF QUEEN NEFERTITI BROUGHT TO LIFE

ANCIENT EGYPT: MUMMY OF QUEEN NEFERTITI BROUGHT TO LIFE WITH CONTROVERSIAL FAIR SKIN IN 3-D SCAN
2018-02-08 20:56:12

Newsweek

The face of Queen Nefertiti, who may have been King Tutankhamun’s biological mother, will be revealed on the Travel Channel’s Expedition Unknown, which airs Wednesday night. The face is the result of the latest 3-D imaging technology that used the mummy’s facial structure to bring the 3,400-year-old queen to life, but it’s the sculpture’s skin color, not cheekbones, that has raised the most controversy.

In order to create the bust of the ancient queen, a team of scientists at the University of Bristol in England digitally mapped the face of a mummy known as “The Younger Lady.” The mummy was found in 1898 and is believed to be of Queen Nefertiti, but this was never proven. The mummy’s face was digitally mapped to make an accurate facial construction for the bust. Then, paleoartist Elisabeth Daynes recreated the Queen’s face on the bust, a painstaking process that took around 500 hours of work, a statement on the television show reported. By comparing the bust with historical images of Nefertiti, the researchers were able to show that the “Younger Lady” mummy was indeed the famous queen.

Host of “Expedition Unknown,” Josh Gates examines the sculpture of the “Younger Lady” mummy in the Paris studio of paleoartist Elisabeth Daynès.
SCULPTURE BY ELISABETH DAYNÈS IN PARTNERSHIP WITH TRAVEL CHANNEL’S “EXPEDITION UNKNOWN” AND JOSH GATES. PHOTO COURTESY OF TRAVEL CHANNEL.

“This remarkable face seems to be consistent with ancient representations of Nefertiti,” Aidan Dodson, an Egyptologist at Bristol University who was involved in the project, said in a statement. “It’s extraordinary. When taken alongside the latest reading of the genetic data, this provides us with truly exciting evidence that the mummy of the Younger Lady is none other than Queen Nefertiti herself.”

The show is focused on investigating three of the most powerful women in ancient Egyptian history: Hatshepsut, Cleopatra and Nefertiti, a statement on the show reported.

According to The History Channel, Nefertiti was queen from 1353 to 1336 B.C. and may have even ruled Egypt herself after her husband, Pharaoh Akhenaten, died. Her full name, Neferneferuaten, means “beautiful are the beauties of Aten, a beautiful woman has come,” an homage to both the Egyptian chief god Aten and the queen’s renowned beauty.

The 3-D imaging was only able to copy the mummy’s facial structure, other features such as skin and eye color were up to artist interpretation. Many soon took to Twitter in anger over the artist’s decision to make Nefertiti so fair-skinned. Since Nefertiti lived far before the time of photography there is no way to know the exact skin tone of the ancient queen, although the most famous bust depicting the queen, which was believed to be created in 1345 B.C., depicts a darker monarch.

Regardless of the skin tone controversy, the new bust is celebrated for its detail to other aspects of accuracy, such as the depiction of the queen’s muscle tone and skin tissue depth. Combined, these details reveal the face of one of the most influential and well known women in world history.

The facial reconstruction of the “Younger Lady” mummy next to a 3-D replica of its head created from digital mapping.
LPTURE BY ELISABETH DAYNÈS IN PARTNERSHIP WITH TRAVEL CHANNEL’S “EXPEDITION UNKNOWN” AND JOSH GATES. PHOTO COURTESY OF TRAVEL CHANNEL

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Brigitte

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EGYPT’S LATEST DISCOVERY

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Brigitte

Tomb of 5th Dynasty top official discovered near Pyramid of Khafre on Giza Plateau

Al Ahram

“It is the first discovery to be announced in 2018,” said Minister of Antiquities Khaled El-Enany at a press conference held at the step of Hetpet’s tomb in Giza’s western cemetery. El-Enany explained that blocks of the tomb were unearthed in 1909 by a British explorer who sent them to Berlin and Frankfurt. “The tomb has never been uncovered until October 2017 when the Egyptian mission started excavation in the Giza western cemetery,” El-Enany said.

The minister explained that the cemetery was previously excavated by several archaeological missions since 1843, and the most distinguished and important ones were made by renowned Egyptologist and former antiquities minister Zahi Hawass. The newly discovered tomb belongs to a lady named Hetpet, a top official in the royal palace during the end of the 5th Dynasty.

Mostafa Waziri, secretary general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities and the head of the mission, told Ahram Online that the tomb has the architectural style and decorative elements of the 5th Dynasty, with an entrance leading to an “L” shape shrine with a purification basin.

On its western rear end there is a rectangular arcade lined with incense and offering holders. There is also a naos with a yet missing statue of the tomb’s owner. The tomb has very distinguished wall paintings in a very good state of conservation depicting “Hetpet” standing in different hunting and fishing scenes or sitting before a large offering table receiving offerings from her children.

“Scenes of reaping fruits, melting metals and the fabrication of leather and papyri boats as well as musical and dancing performances are also shown on walls,” Waziri said. He added that among the most distinguished paintings in the tomb are those depicting two monkeys in different positions. Monkeys were domestic animals at the time.

The first scene shows a monkey reaping fruits while the second displays a monkey dancing in front of an orchestra. Similar scenes are found in other tombs. The first one is painted on the wall of a 12th Dynasty tomb of Khnoum Hetep II in Beni Hassan in Minya governorate; the second is found in the Old Kingdom tomb of Ka-Iber in Saqqara, though it displays a dancing monkey in front of a guitarist not an orchestra.

 

 

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PHOTO OF THE WEEK – MAY I HELP YOU?

Egypt_1747-2

NO THE PYRAMIDS ARE NOT OPEN TODAY – COME BACK TOMORROW!

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tile bird-3                               Brigitte

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Photo Of The Week – A Smile Changes Everything

Do you like Kiwis? You don’t? Well, this smile will make you change your mind.

Cairo – A happy fruit seller

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Brigitte

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Egypt – A Place Of Contrasts

The rooftop of the Hotel Fairmont in Cairo looked reassuring, architecturally beautiful and  well-kept –

in contrast the roof tops of the houses surrounding the hotel was another story………..

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Brigitte

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KING TUT Is Coming Your Way

………..that is if you live anywhere near Los Angeles

2017-11-29 16:55:51
Las Vegas Review

Artifacts from King Tut’s tomb are going on tour next year to mark the upcoming 100th anniversary of the discovery of the Egyptian pharaoh’s resting place.
The California Science Center says the exhibit, “KING TUT: Treasures of the Golden Pharaoh,” will be on view at the Los Angeles museum for 10 months before heading to Europe in January 2019 as part of a 10-city international tour.
The museum says the exhibition represents the largest collection of artifacts and gold from Tutankhamun’s tomb ever to go on public display outside of Egypt. It says 40 percent of the items are leaving Egypt for the first and last time before going on permanent display at a new museum being built near the Giza Pyramids in Egypt.
King Tut’s tomb was discovered in 1922, more than 3,000 years after his death.
Tags: Egyptdailynews King Tut going outside Egypt 1st time

Wall Painting in the Tomb of Pharaoh Tutenkhamun

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KING TUT visited the United States for the first time in 1978. But this time he is bringing with him many treasures found in his tomb never seen before – lucky YOU if you live anywhere near Los Angeles!

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Brigitte

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Egypt Sees 55% Rise in Tourists in Third Quarter

Egypt News
2017-11-27
Al Ahram

The number of tourists coming to Egypt increased in the third quarter of 2017 by 55 percent compared to the same period last year, in keeping with an upward trend, according to state statistics body CAPMAS.

In its report, CAPMAS stated that the number of tourists during the third quarter in 2017 exceeded 2.3 million, compared to just over 1.5 million tourists in the previous year’s third quarter.

Egypt’s tourism revenues jumped 211.8 percent year-on-year to $5.3 billion in the first nine months of 2017, a government official said in October, according to Reuters.

The tourism and hospitality industry in Egypt took a blow when Russia, once responsible for a large portion of visitors to Egypt’s popular Red Sea resorts, banned flights to the country following a plane crash over Sinai in 2015 that killed over 200 people.

Tourism revenues in 2016 reached $3.4 billion in comparison.

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Maybe it is time to put Egypt back on your bucket list?????

Brigitte

 

 

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Photo Of The Week – With Or Without A Head

Even when you have lost your head others still admire and point to  you ……

This is part of the Mortuary Temple of Ramesses III at Medinet Habu –  an important New Kingdom structure on the West Bank of Luxor during the New Kingdom  (16th century BC to 11th Century BC)

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Brigitte

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New Discovery – First Hellenistic gymnasium in Egypt

First Hellenistic gymnasium in Egypt discovered at Watfa village in Fayoum
2017-11-06 15:28:34Al

Ahram

A German-Egyptian archaeological mission has discovered the first Hellenistic gymnasium ever found in Egypt, located at Medinat Watfa, in the northwest of Fayoum Oasis. The mission from the German Archaeological Institute (DAI), headed by Professor Cornelia Römer, made the discovery as part of its ongoing excavations at the Watfa site.

Watfa is the location of the ancient village Philoteris, founded by king Ptolemy II in the 3rd century BCE and named after his second sister Philotera. Aymen Ashmawi, head of the Ancient Egyptian Antiquities sector at the Ministry of Antiquities, said that the gymnasium included a large meeting hall, once adorned with statues, a dining hall and a courtyard in the main building.

There is also a racetrack of nearly 200 metres in length, long enough for the typical stadium-length races of 180 metres. Generous gardens surrounded the building, completing the ideal layout for a centre of Greek learning. Römer explains that gymnasia were privately founded by rich people who wanted their villages to become even more Greek in aspect. There, she continued, the young men of the Greek speaking upper-class were trained in sports, learned to read and write, and to enjoy philosophical discussions.

All big cities of the Hellenistic world, like Athens in Greece, Pergamon and Miletus in Asia Minor, and Pompei in Italy, had such gymnasia. “The gymnasia in the Egyptian countryside were built after their pattern. Although much smaller, the gymnasium of Watfa clearly shows the impact of Greek life in Egypt, not only in Alexandria, but also in the countryside,” Römer said.

Alexander the Great, she pointed out, had made Egypt part of the Hellenistic world, and thousands of Greek-speaking settlers flocked to the land by the Nile, attracted by the new Ptolemaic empire, which promised prosperity and peace. In the Delta and Fayoum in particular, new villages were founded, in which the indigenous population lived together with the Greek newcomers. Such villages were equipped not only with Egyptian temples, but also with Greek sanctuaries.

There were also public baths, an institution very popular in the Greek world. The baths soon became places of social encounter in the villages and meeting points for the Egyptian and Greek-speaking inhabitants. Gymnasia as places of Greek culture and lifestyle were part of this Hellenistic cultural setting. Inscriptions and papyri had already witnessed the existence of gymnasia in the countryside of the Ptolemaic period. They tell of of payments for parts of the main buildings being made by rich inhabitants of the villages, and of the men who governed the institutions.

At Watfa, the first building of this kind in Egypt has now been discovered. Watfa, ancient Philoteris, was one of the many villages founded under the first Ptolemies in the middle of the 3rd century BC. In the beginning, it had around 1,200 inhabitants, two thirds of them Egyptians, and one third Greek-speaking settlers. The German Archaeological Institute has been conducting surveys and excavations at Watfa since 2010.

One important aspect of the project‘s work is teaching Egyptian students, in cooperation with a teaching program at Ain Shams University, supported by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD).

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Now we know the Egyptians were taking care of their health – just like we do today!

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Brigitte

 

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Photo Of The Week – Can Feet Tell

…..how tall and big a person is? If the answer is yes this was a really colossal statue. A pity the rest of it got lost.

Karnak Temple in Luxor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Brigitte

 

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