Archaeologists discover three ancient tombs in Egypt
15 August 2017
From the section
A sarcophagus from one of the three tombs found at burial grounds south of Cairo
Archaeologists have discovered three tombs that date back around 2,000 years in southern Egypt.
They were found in burial grounds in the Al-Kamin al-Sahrawi area in Minya province, south of Cairo.
The tombs contained a collection of different sarcophagi, or stone coffins, as well as clay fragments.
Egypt’s antiquities ministry said the discovery “suggests that the area was a great cemetery for a long span of time”.
One of the tombs, which was reached through a shaft carved in rock, contained four sarcophagi that had been sculpted to depict a human face.
Image caption in another, excavators found six burial holes, including one for the burial of a small child.
Sarcophagi which were discovered in a cemetery dating back about 2,000 years
Clay fragments found at the site date the tombs between the 27th Dynasty, founded in 525BC, and the Greco-Roman era, which lasted between 332BC and the 4th Century.
Ali al-Bakry, head of the mission, said one of the tombs contained bones believed to be the remains of “men, women and children of different ages”.
“These tombs were part of a large cemetery for a large city and not a military garrison as some suggest,” he said.
In a statement, the antiquities ministry said that “works are under way in order to reveal more secrets”.
This work follows previous excavation at the site, which began in 2015.
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In many Muslim countries the dress code, especially for women, is dictated by religious believes. Wearing a HIJAB – (headscarf) is followed by many women. I was surprised, visiting Egypt, to see so many young girls and women still following this custom.
In stark contrast – these young girls and women wore mostly jeans. Jeans being a modern-day garment must be the reason they avoided being censured by religion or the Quran – but they often make up for the modesty a Hijab imposes.
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Eid Al Fitr is an important religious holiday marking the end of Ramadan the Islamic holy month of fasting.
Quiet by coincidence I was in Luxor at that time. I had learned how important this celebration is for Egyptians and was looking forward to it. My friends, an Egyptian family invited me to share the feast with them, and being an outsider I felt honored.
It is customary to kill a lamb for this occasion – part of it is for the family and a part of it has to be given to the poor . My host showed me the flock from which they would choose the one for this years feast.
When the poor creature was about to lose its life I excused myself and went back to my hotel.
A few hours later I returned to see how the meal was prepared. Here are some of the images of going from the stable to the table.
It is the job of the women of the house to cut up the animal
This is what it looks like when being served, after several hours of cooking
The preparation did not make the meat tender. and I refused a second helping by telling my host that I was not a big eater.
The practice of killing a lamb for this occasion is still alive in the country side. However, in the city like Cairo butchers do the job and sell it by the pound.
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Despite the millions of tourists who have visited the Valley of the Kings for hundreds of years, the countryside around it has not changed much. It is not very populated, well toiled and planted. The peacefulness that surrounds these fields, mountains and valleys is a befitting respect for Egypt’s Pharaohs who have started their afterlife here.
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Egypt restores 484 artefacts from abroad: Antiquities Minister
Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi held on Saturday a meeting with Prime Minister Sherif Esmail and Antiquities Minister Khaled Anani to discuss recent Egyptian archaeological discoveries and artefacts recently restored from foreign countries. According to a statement released from the presidential spokesperson Alaa Youssef, the Antiquities Minister stated that Egypt managed recently to restore 484 artefacts from different countries.
The Egyptian Antiques Ministry has recently established a database for Egyptian antiques, in addition to finalizing a draft law that will impose strict punitive measures against people involved in looting antiques or harassing tourists. In foreign media coverage regarding the recent archaeological discoveries in Egypt, Anani said that there is a great interest from foreign media in shedding light on these discoveries, adding that there are 237 foreign archaeological missions from over 20 countries in Egypt.
Regarding updates on the site of the Egyptian Grand Museum, the statement stated that workers are currently transferring invaluable artefacts and statues to the premises, which will pave the way for the museum’s inauguration in April 2018. Meanwhile, the Antiques Minister highlighted during the meeting recent archaeological discoveries that were unveiled, such as a royal statue in Cairo’s district of Mataryia and a Pharaonic tomb in Luxor.
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600,000 Egyptian Women Get Married Before Age of Consent: Study
A study conducted by the International Population Council, the National Council for Population and Development and Assiut University on rates of early marriage in upper Egypt has revealed that about 600,000 women have been married before reaching 18 years old in 2015-2016.
The study titled “Towards policies and programs based on scientific evidence to demolish early marriage in Egypt”, states that the average age of marriage in Egypt is 20 for females and 26 for males. Yet, the problem of early marriage is still exaggerating in rural areas in Upper Egypt, according to the privately-owned Al-Masry Al-Youm. Egyptian law bans marriage under 18.
The study has further revealed that one-quarter of married women aged 25 to 29 in Egypt have married under 18, and this percentage rises to 33.3 percent in rural areas. However, 3.7 of girls currently under 18 are already married and 5.2 percent are engaged. These percentages represent about 250,000 girls.
The study added that there are several dangers caused by early marriages, both health and societal dangers. Early marriage deprives girls of their right to education and work, also increases the possibility of domestic violence and leads to poverty. Also, girls who get married at an early age often have miscarriage and stillbirth.
The laws of the land don’t always match reality ………….!
More from Egypt in a few weeks – see you in mid June.